DEMOCRACY AND ANTI-CORRUPTION

Investigative Journalism in Cuba

  • Funded by: National Endowment for Democracy
  • Time Frame: 2019 to 2020
  • Researchers: María Jaraquemada, Francisca Pinto

This project aims to strengthen the incipient independent media ecosystem in Cuba through the training of a new generation of journalists, who are interested in the consolidation of this ecosystem. In order to achieve this aim, we organize capacity building activities for these young journalists, we bring them closer to local and international networks and we encourage their participation and professional development in collaboration spaces. Assuring a permanent incorporation of young journalists to independent media, we contribute to the growth and consolidation of this independent media ecosystem. In that way, we assure the continuity of a critical way to inform (through chronicles and investigative journalism) on how government policies have an impact on Cubans´ daily life.

DIVERSITY AND  INCLUSION AREA

Latin America Compact for Migration Observatory

  • Funded by: AVINA
  • Time Frame: 2019
  • Researches: Manuel Arís, Pablo Valenzuela

This project consists in the design and implementation of a Regional Observatory that follows the accomplishment and implementation of Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) and Global Compact on Refugees (GCR).

This Observatory aims to impulse the fulfillment of these compacts in Latin American countries where this initiative will be implemented, with a pilot in Chile and Mexico. To do so, we generate verifiable indicators regarding the Compact objectives, a best practices bank and training workshops regarding public policy design and implementation related with the compacts. The project also foresees the creation of a permanent dialogue platform and a local and regional advocacy tool for migrants’ organizations, NGOs and Think Thanks related with the subject. The observatory will be implemented through a user-friendly webpage where it will be possible to track the progress of each country regarding the Compact’s Fulfillment.

Public Budget and Human Rights in Chile

  • Funded by: Human Rights Under secretariat, Ministry of Justice from Chile
  • Time Frame: 2019
  • Director: Andrea Repetto, Verónica Undurraga. Researcher: Manuel Arís, Francisca Pinto.

The human rights approach on public budget has gradually gained prominence on Tax Policy discussions. This approach considers between its main elements the capacity to generate resources to fund social programs and policies, resources redistribution to reduce inequalities trough taxes and strengthening of the accountability between the State and citizens. This project, entrusted to Espacio Público from the Human Rights Under Secretariat of the Ministry of Justice, covers a synthesis of the Chilean regulation regarding the budgetary period cycle (at a local and central level), a synthesis of compared cases studies (OECD countries and Latin America) and the analysis of present and absent elements in the human rights approach in practice. Finally, the project will include strategic recommendations and techniques for the budgetary period

YOUTH AND EMPLOYMENT

Intervention in the Chilean Secondary Technical Education System

  • Funded by: FUNDACION LUKSIC
  • Time Frame: 2019 – 2020
  • Researchers: Camila Arroyo, Fernando Moscoso

The Technical Secondary Education in Chile serves 38% of the total number of students enrolled in the differentiated cycle, concentrating very particularly students with low socioeconomic status and low performance. It is known that men account for 80% of the enrollment of industrial specialties (electricity, metal constructions, automotive mechanics, etc.), while women represent 80% of the technical specialties (kindergarten, nursing, hospitality, food services, etc.), the latter being those that show lower profitability and returns in the labor market. Women then tend to choose specialties with less demand and worse wages. And while there are no institutional restrictions for choosing a specialty, it is clear that there are both male and female specialties.

With the aim of understanding the above, Espacio Público will conduct a quantitative study (based on administrative data) that explores the effect of three mechanisms that may be influencing women’s choice of technical specialties: first, role models, where the student identifies through gender with their parents, teachers and peers, subordinating their vocational choices to theirs; second, the expectations that these same agents transmit about gender, influencing this way in the students’ elections; and third, the characteristics of the different specialties, which through their labor structure make the role associated with being a working woman more or less compatible.

MODERNIZATION OF THE STATE

Survey 2018 of Espacio Público and IPSOS
Chileans nowadays: challenging preconceptions and enabling a more complex discussion

  • Time Frame: 2018 and 2019
  • Director: Eduardo Engel, Researcher: Manuel Arís

Opinion surveys have partially measured citizenship assessment on public policies, since they have only aimed to identify approval or reprobation for some of those policies. Even though this information is a first approach for this matter, it is superficial and incomplete.

Therefore, it is necessary to obtain information about how citizens live public policies in their daily life and know which are their main concerns and motivations. Ultimately, being capable to measure their perception on the quality of public and private services.

For the second consecutive year and in collaboration with IPSOS, the leading firm in market research, we aim to identify how public policies (designed at a macro social level) affect on people´s daily life (micro social level). This means that we seek to explore the effect of public policies on the perception about quality of life, avoiding common abstractions that are not directly related with citizen´s immediate real problems. Therefore, this survey tends to map the discomfort, abuse experiences and resignation from public and private services users, but also the positive aspects and successful experiences from services that are worth to highlight.